Timeline

Archbishop John Carroll
Benjamin Henry Latrobe
James Cardinal Gibbons
Rectors of The Basilica
Timeline
Restoration
Bicentennial

Timeline


1789
1789 – November 6
Pope Pius VI creates the Diocese of Baltimore, and appoints John Carroll as the first Bishop of the United States.

1791 – November 7-10
The Synod of Baltimore, the first formal meeting of the U.S. Church, was held at St. Peter’s pro-cathedral on Saratoga Street.
1791

1805
1805 – July 22
The Trustees approve architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe’s plans for the Cathedral.

1806 – July 7
Archbishop John Carroll lays the Cornerstone of the Baltimore Cathedral.
1806

1821
1821 – May 31
Archbishop Ambrose Maréchal dedicates the Cathedral to the Service of God, under the title of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

1829 – October 3-18
The First Provincial Council is held, issuing Decrees on Church Administration, encouraging use of the Douay version of the Bible, and asserting the necessity for Catholic schools.
1829

1831
1831 – October 28-November 5
Alexis de Tocqueville visits the Basilica on his travels through the United States, the basis for his book Democracy in America.

1833 – October 20-27
The Second Provincial Council us held, proposing the formation of new dioceses and evangelization of Native Americans.
1833

1837
1837 – April 16-23
The Third Provincial Council is held, at which a Pastoral letter is written, outlining discrimination against Catholics in the U.S., which assured American Civil authorities of the loyalty of Catholics.

1840 – May 17-24
The Fourth Provincial Council is held, enacting laws for mixed marriages, defined jurisdiction of pastors, counseling temperance in drinking, and promoted Catholic education of youth.
1840

1843
1843 – May 14-21
The Fifth Provincial Council is held, which dealt with Sacramental practice and administrative law concerns.

1846 – May 10-17
The Sixth Provincial Council is held, declaring the Blessed Virgin Mary Patroness of the U.S., under the title of Immaculate Conception.
1846

1849
1849 – May 6-13
The Seventh Provincial Council is held, petitioning Pope Pius IX to define the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

1852 – May 9-20
The First Plenary Council is held, extending the legislation of the Seven Provincial Councils to the entire country.
1852
1866
1866 – October 7-20
The Second Plenary Council is held, calling for Evangelization of African Americans and for a greater unity of thought and action following the Civil War. President Andrew Johnson attended the final session of the Council.

1876 – May 25
Archbishop James Roosevelt Bayley performs the Solemn Consecration of the Cathedral at the retirement of its debt.
1876

McGivney
1877 – December 22
Father Michael J. McGivney, founder of the Knights of Columbus, is ordained in the Basilica by James Cardinal Gibbons.

1884 – November 9-December 7
The third Plenary Council is held, commissioning the Baltimore Catechism, establishing the Catholic University of America, instituting funding for African American and Native American missions. It is the largest council assembly held outside of Rome since the Council of Trent.
1884

1889b
1889 – November 10
The Cathedral hosts the 100th Anniversary of the establishment of the American hierarchy.

1906 – April 6
The Cathedral celebrates the 100th anniversary of the laying of its cornerstone by John Carroll.
1906

1937
1937 – September 1
Pope Pius XI raises the Baltimore Cathedral to the rank of a Minor Basilica.

1959
Pope John XXIII decrees the Basilica a Co-Cathedral of the Archdiocese of Baltimore.
1959

1972
1972 – November 15
The Basilica is designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Secretary of the Interior, Rogers Clark Ballard Morton.

1976 – April 1The Basilica of the Assumption Historic Trust, Inc. is established to “maintain, preserve, protect, repair and restore the structure and site of the Basilica, together with its grounds and ancillary buildings to insure that their historic and landmark character shall be preserved in trust for the enrichment of future generations of Baltimoreans, and to foster and promote public knowledge of and interest in the historic nature of The Basilica of the Assumption.”
1976

1989
1989 – November 5
The Basilica hosts the 200th anniversary of the establishment of the American hierarchy, which is attended by the largest gathering of bishops in the United States.

1993 – September 15
The Basilica is designated a National Shrine by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops.
1993

1995
1995 – October 8
Pope John Paul II makes a pastoral visit to Baltimore and prays before the Blessed Sacrament, where he greets a small group of Basilica communicants.

1996 – May 29
Blessed Teresa of Calcutta attends the renewal of vows of 35 of her Missionaries of Charity, held at the Basilica.
1996

1997
1997 – October 23
Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople, visits the Basilica, marking the first time in which an Orthodox Patriarch presided and preached at a Roman Catholic cathedral in the United States.

2002
Restore the Light: The Campaign for America’s First Cathedral is launched by Cardinal William H. Keeler, to restore the Basilica to the original vision of John Carroll and Benjamin Henry Latrobe.
Oculus

2004
2004 – April
The Basilica closes its doors to begin the intensive restoration process.

2006 – March 30
Maryland Governor Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr. names 2006 “The Year of the Baltimore Basilica” at a press conference in the Annapolis State House.
2006-1

2006-2
2006 – November 4
The Basilica reopens its doors in time for the Bicentennial of America’s First Cathedral. A two-week long celebration begins, which includes a concert by the Morgan State University Choir, Inter-Faith Service, Archdiocesan Mass, Youth Mass and exterior illumination event, and a Mass attended by 235 bishops and archbishops of the United States.

2007 – August 2
The Basilica welcomes its 100,000th visitor since the grand reopening, Rosalie Dohm of Woodbridge, VA.
2007
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